SDS011, ESP8266, BME280, SSD130 and Wemos Relay Shield - Relay ON

ESP8266 and SMOG part three: sensor protection, cloud upload

Last time we updated our simple SMOG sensor with display (OLED) and added BME 280 to verify the SMOG measurements – the environmental sensor – as we know that humidity over 70% can add up to the SMOG.
It’s time now to protect our sensor.

Why do we need sensor protection?

Smog sensor – it’s laser in particular – has a limited lifetime – datasheet states 8000 hours. Both the fan and the laser diode should not work continuously – because of wear and tear and also – it clogs the senor with dust. The idea is to  only turn it on when it is really needed – for the time of measurement.
Of course SDS011 supports sleep mode – “software off”, and this is obviously the best and natural way to protect it. I decided not to use it because it is not yet available in ESP Easy 2.0-dev-12, and also because the relay gives us the possibility of turning on an additional element – the inlet air heater, to avoid measuring errors with humidity> 70%, a idea for future extension of the project.

What new things will you need ?

Hardware

  • working SMOG sensor from previous entry, the Nettigo store has currently promotion – use the code: DIY_SMOG_15 to get 15% off the price
  • A relay – this example features dedicated relay for the Wemos D1 mini, since it  reduces the number of connections and saves space. And because I just had it lying around, but it can be any relay activated high status 3.3V and powered 5V.
  • additional red and

Software

  • ESP Easy – already installed in previous step on the ESP8266 which is needed to control our SDS011 sensor

Let’s do it!

Connect anew all the wires – use the schema and pictures. We already know the drill – VCC power on red cables, blue – GND. The new part is the relay.

SMOG sensor with relay
SMOG sensor with relay

We connect in accordance with the diagram – please do mind that we change the pins, because of the Wemos D1 Relay shield. CAUTION – do not connect the power supply (+5V) until you make software changes to ESP Easy (below)

New version – our monster grows bigger!

SDS011, ESP8266, BME280, SSD130 and Wemos Relay Shield
SDS011, ESP8266, BME280, SSD130 and Wemos Relay Shield

Since we have an additional element that consumes electricity – let’s see how much mA will we need to power the solution:

ESP and SDS011 - power usage
ESP and SDS011 – power usage

We can see maximum of 200mA when all elements are active and data is sent over WiFi network. Also – 50mA when relay and SDS011 are off and ESP does not send any data.

Now – let’s move to software – the needed changes in ESPEasy configuration:

  • We have to change the pins used to communicate with the I2C bus to D6 and D7, and set the low state at the boot – to make sure the relay is not powered (just in case)

    Setup I2C
    Setup I2C
  • Turn on the Rules in  Tools -> Advanced

    ESP Easy 2.0-dev12-dev - rules
    ESP Easy 2.0-dev12-dev – rules
  • Next – change the GPIO port of our sensor to GPIO-15 (D8) – as in the connection diagram:

SDS011 - GPIO-15 (D8)

  • We will remove the information about PM2,5 and PM10 from the SSD1306, but don’t worry – this is just temporary we will still display this data, but in a different way
SSD1306 - change to get new way of data display
SSD1306 – change to get new way of data display

Rules

Time to use new functionality – Rules on ESP Easy. Rules are the way to perform actions, and we can do it in loops. They might also depend on different parameters. We will use them to:

  • switch the sensor on after 30 seconds counting from the boot of ESP8266
  • Have it running for 120 seconds…
  • After 120 seconds – record the data – send them to already known to you Domoticza and InfluxDB/Grafanie for presentation and graphs
  • Update the OLED screen
  • Wait 720 seconds (12 minutes) and repeat

How? Just paste the script into rules Rules:

This is how it looks (comments in Polish from older screenshot):

Rules: SDS011 with relay
Rules: SDS011 with relay

Note that the script lines will display the measured values on the OLED screen – only the ones that will be measured (otherwise when SDS011 is  switched off – we would see ‘nan’ values).

SDS011, ESP8266, BME280, SSD130 and Wemos Relay Shield - Relay ON
SDS011, ESP8266, BME280, SSD130 and Wemos Relay Shield – Relay ON

Now create in Domoticz (Check out the the “dummy sensor creation” sensor entry) virtual sensors – separately for PM 2.5 and PM 10. Use the “Custom sensor” from drop-down list. The Rules scripts assumes the IDX values of  11 and 12 – change it to yours, just as the IP address and port of the domoricz.
Power on our sensor and observe the first data after around 16 minutes of running:

Domoticz PM sensors
Domoticz PM sensors

The final move is to configure data connection from Domoticz  InfluxDB and Grafana. Another option is to send the BME280 data – and I suggest to do it every 5 minutes. Our sensor is ready!

SMOG data from Domoticz in Grafana
SMOG data from Domoticz in Grafana